State-Level Citizen Response to COVID-19 Containment Measures in Brazil and Mexico, with Claire Dunn. Forthcoming in The Journal of Politics in Latin America

In Brazil and Mexico, presidents failed to take swift, national action to stop the spread of COVID-19. Instead, the burden of imposing and enforcing public health measures has largely fallen to subnational leaders, resulting in varied approaches within each country and conflicting messaging from elites. We likewise see variation in compliance with social distancing across subnational units. To explain this variation, we contend that citizen responses are driven both by the comprehensiveness of state policies and whether they take cues from national or subnational elites. We hypothesize that support for national and subnational elites, and the nature of the state-level policy response, affect citizen compliance with public health guidelines. In both countries, we find that support for the governor has an interactive relationship with policy response. In Brazil, support for the president is associated with lower compliance. In Mexico, this effect is not present. We argue that these distinct relationships are due to the different cues emerging from each leader.

Political Engagement and Crime Victimization: A Causal Analysis, Revista Latinoamericana de Opinión Publica. 2021.

In recent years, research has demonstrated that crime victimization serves as a catalyst to political engagement. However, much of this work has not addressed two key issues: 1) the true causality of this relationship, and 2) how victims’ identities and personal experiences might influence this relationship. This paper tackles these issues by testing the effect of victimization on non-electoral engagement using the Two-City, Six-Wave panel survey administered in Brazil between 2002 and 2006. It finds that the causal relationship between victimization and engagement only exists for participation in political party meetings. Furthermore, when exploring the role of individual identity and community context, only men, those who live in safe neighborhoods, and White Brazilians experience an increase in their engagement. Meanwhile, women, those in unsafe neighborhoods, and Afro-Brazilians do not experience such an increase. Those who have not experienced discrimination also increase their participation, while those who have experienced discrimination do not.

Working Papers

Progressive Ideology and Support for Tough-on-Crime Policy: Evidence from Brazil and Argentina (expected submission Winter 2021/2022)

Who is to Blame? Understanding the Motivations and Justifications for Youth Crime in Urban Mexico, with Omar García-Ponce (expected submission Winter 2021/2022)

Estimating Actual Crime Rates and the ‘Dark Figure’ of Crime Using Bayesian Additive Regression Trees Plus Poststratification (BARP)

Partisanship & Electoral Cycle Effects in Latin America: Correction Measures and Implications, with Jonathan Hartlyn

The Legacy of Mexico’s Drug War on Youth Political Attitudes, with Omar García-Ponce